Common plants – walls

These species are commonly found growing on or out of walls in urban areas.

Asplenium ruta-muraria (wall rue)
Forms small tufts
‘Branched’ fronds
Small, fan-shaped leaflets
Fern. Family: Aspleniaceae

Asplenium trichomanes (maidenhair spleenwort)
Many small, oval leaflets
Narrow fronds
Black midrib
Fern. Family: Aspleniaceae

Cymbalaria muralis (ivy-leaved toadflax)
Flowers pale purple, white and yellow centre
Two lobes at top, three lobes at bottom
Leaves lobed
Family: Scrophulariaceae

Asplenium scolopendrium (hart’s-tongue fern)
Fronds undivided
Spores formed in lines on underside of fronds
Fern. Family: Aspleniaceae

If you are interested in finding out more about plants on walls and streets, you might be interested in this article, 25 streets in Dundee – 19 years on.

Download this sheet here
Collect data for the Botanical Society of Scotland Urban Flora of Scotland Project
© Heather Forbes/BSS

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